What Did The Athenians Believe In?

What kind of society was Athens?

Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens)..

What were the ideals that Characterised Athenian society?

Athens in the 5th to 4th century BCE had an extraordinary system of government: democracy. Under this system, all male citizens had equal political rights, freedom of speech, and the opportunity to participate directly in the political arena.

Did Athens beat Sparta?

Impact of the Peloponnesian War Athens lost its dominance in the region to Sparta until both were conquered less than a century later and made part of the kingdom of Macedon.

What is Sparta called now?

LakoniaModern day Sparta, the capital of the prefecture of Lakonia, lies on the eastern foothills of Mount Taygetos in the Evrotas River valley. The city has been built upon the site of ancient Sparta, whose Acropolis lies north of the modern city.

What was the main focus of Athens?

Ancient Greece QuizQuestionAnswerWhat was the primary focus of much of the culture of the city of Athens?Art and educationWhat do we call the last period of Ancient Greece, before they were conquered by the Romans?Hellenistic PeriodWhat toy was invented by the Ancient Greeks, which many children still use today?Yo-yo14 more rows

Why were the Greek so smart?

Actually, the physical attributes that made Greece “smart”, better said high IQ while maintaining physical prowess were obviously their genotypic (genes) and phenotypic (genetic expression) attributes. On the genetic side, a certain ethnic set of Caucasoid genes based on natures coming together of things.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

First of all, as Sparta claimed, they spared them because of their great contribution during the Persian wars. In those wars Athens was one of the leaders of the coaliation and its men and ships helped won several battles that saved the Greek city-states, most notably Marathon and Salamis.

What are the pros of Athenian society?

Athenian society was a patriarchy; men held all rights and advantages, such as access to education and power. Athenian women were dedicated to the care and upkeep of the family home.

Did Sparta destroy Athens?

When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta’s supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military supremacy and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.

What were the Athenians known for?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.

What did the Athenians value?

While Spartans valued military strength, Athenians placed a higher value on education and culture. Their main goal was building a democracy. Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens. Boys were educated.